Papers & Technical
As a research-led company we believe that academic scrutiny is fundamental to better science and products.
We pride ourselves on the fact that our methodology and products have been critically tested and refined through academic peer review over the past 15 years and published in the leading international scientific journals.

Recent research highlights include:
Validation of Fathom-US flood hazard model
First peer-reviewed validation of large scale, high resolution flood hazard model
Wing, O, Bates, P, Sampson, C, Smith A, Johnson, K & Erickson, T. 2017.
Water Resources Research
Rethinking flood hazard at the global scale
The first continuous long-term (1973-2012) high resolution simulation of river flow and flooding at the continental scale:
Schumann, GJP, Stampoulis, D, Smith, AM, Sampson, CC, Andreadis, KM, Neal, JC & Bates, PD 2016.
Geophysical Research Letters - vol 43, no. 19, pp. 10249-10256.
DOI: 10.1002/2016GL070260
The credibility challenge for global fluvial flood risk analysis
A collaborative paper that highlights the challenges posed by developing and refining the first generation of global flood hazard models:
Trigg, M, Birch, C, Neal, J, Bates, P, Smith, A, Sampson, C, Yamazaki, D, Hirabayashi, Y, Pappenberger, F, Dutra, E, Ward, PJ, Winsemius, HC, Salamon, P, Dottori, F, Rudari, R, Kappes, M, Simpson, A, Hadzilacos, G & Fewtrell, T 2016,
Environmental Research Letters - vol 11, no. 9, 094014.
DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/9/094014
Fight floods on a global scale
A call for action on global terrain data, published in the most prestigious scientific journal ‘Nature’, that led to our being invited to participate in the White House Climate Data initiative under President Barack Obama:
Schumann, G, Bates, PD, Neal, JC & Andreadis, K 2014.
Nature - vol 507
DOI: 10.1038/507169e
Regional flood frequency analysis at the global scale
The paper describes our method for estimating extreme river flows anywhere on Earth.
Smith, A, Sampson, C & Bates, P 2015,
Water Resources Research - vol 51, no. 1, pp. 539-553.
DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015814
A high-resolution global flood hazard model
The paper describes the architecture of our Global Flood Model, validating its performance against local data:
Sampson, CC, Smith, AM, Bates, PB, Neal, JC, Alfieri, L & Freer, JE 2015,
Water Resources Research - vol 51, no. 9, pp. 7358-7381.
DOI: 10.1002/2015WR016954